Measles is a very infectious illness caused by rubeola virus. It is an endemic disease so it is continually active in populations and many develop resistance to the virus. However, when exposures occur in areas where the virus has not been present, the result can be devastating.
During the last two centuries, it is estimated that measles has claimed the lives of over 200 million people.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and State Health Departments are investigating a multi-state outbreak of measles associated with travel to Disneyland Resort Theme Parks (which includes Disneyland and Disney California Adventure). The purpose of this HAN Advisory is to notify public health departments and healthcare facilities about this measles outbreak and to provide guidance to healthcare providers. Healthcare providers should ensure that all of their patients are current on MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine. They should consider measles in the differential diagnosis of patients with fever and rash and ask patients about recent international travel or travel to domestic venues frequented by international travelers. They should also ask patients about their history of measles exposures in their community. Please disseminate this information to healthcare providers in hospitals and emergency rooms, to primary care providers, and to microbiology laboratories.
This resource was adapted from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Epidemiology, Prevention, and Control of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.